What is Lattice Degeneration?
Lattice degeneration is a disease of the eye characterized by a thinning of the retina and the abnormal attachment of the fluid in the eye, or vitreous gel. Not typically a progressive disease, lattice degeneration affects 6% – 8% of the population and may lead to retinal detachment and temporary or permanent loss of vision. Lattice degeneration is associated with myopia and these two conditions often appear together.
Causes, Symptoms & Treatment
The factors that lead to lattice degeneration remain unknown. While diseased eyes do have vascular deficiencies, it is unknown whether this is a cause or symptom of lattice degeneration.
Lattice degeneration in itself is asymptomatic but may be associated with retinal tears, detachments, flashers, floaters, or blurred vision. Usually when symptoms are identified they are a complication rather than a symptom of the disease itself. The horseshoe-shaped retinal tears may be treated thermally with laser or cryotherapy. Lattice degeneration is often left untreated, unless a patient has had a previous retinal detachment.